On Oct. 3, 1841 -- An October gale, the worst of record for Nantucket, Mass., caught the Cap Cod fishing fleet at sea. Forty ships were driven ashore on Cape Cod, and 57 men perished from the town of Truro alone. Heavy snow fell inland, with 18 inches near Middletown, Conn.

1912 -- The longest dry spell of record in the U.S. commenced as Bagdad, Calif., went 767 days without rain.

1964 -- Hurricane Hilda struck Louisiana, spawning many tornadoes and claiming 22 lives.

1979 -- The first killer tornado of record in October in Connecticut destroyed 16 vintage aircraft at the Bradley Air Museum in Windsor Locks. The tornado damaged more than 100 homes causing $200 million in damage. Three people were killed, and 500 were injured.

1986 -- Remnants of Hurricane Paine deluged Oklahoma and southeastern Kansas with 6 to 10 inch overnight rains. Hardy, Okla., was drenched with 21.79 inches. Heavy rain between Sept. 26 and Oct. 4  caused $350 million in damage in Oklahoma.

1987 -- Twenty-five cities in the Upper Midwest, including 10 in Iowa, reported record low temperatures for the date. Duluth, Eau Claire, Wis., and Spencer, Iowa, dipped to 24 degrees. Temperatures warmed into the 80s in the Northern and Central High Plains. At Chadron, Neb., the mercury soared from a morning low of 29 degrees to an afternoon high of 88 degrees. Temperatures soared to more than 100 degrees in southern California. The high of 108 degrees in downtown Los Angeles was a record for October.

1988 -- Cold Canadian air invaded the north-central U.S,. bringing an end to the growing season across those states. Unseasonably warm weather prevailed in the southwestern U.S. Phoenix, AZ, reported a record high of 105 degrees. (The National Weather Summary)

1989 -- Unseasonably cold weather prevailed from the Pacific Northwest to the Upper Mississippi Valley. A dozen cities reported record low temperatures for the date, including Bismarck and Williston, N.D., with readings of 16 degrees. An upper-level weather disturbance brought snow to parts of Idaho, Wyoming and Montana, with 5 inches reported at West Yellowstone, Mont.

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