The Dust Bowl, or the Dirty Thirties, was an 8-year period of drought that devastated the American prairie lands encompassing the Oklahoma and Texas panhandles, as well as neighboring territories of Kansas, Colorado and New Mexico.

The exploitation from dry-land farming from the agricultural wheat boom and cattle grazing, followed by a decade-long drought, caused the worst ecological disaster in American history.

The catastrophe affected over one hundred million acres of land, with 75 percent of its top-soil blown away by the end of the 1930s, and hundreds of thousands of people were forced to migrate from the middle of America to the west coast.

This intensified the economic impact of the Great Depression. President Franklin D. Roosevelt designed a program to restore the ecological balance.

In 1933, the Soil Erosion Service was established, and in 1935 it was reorganized under the Department of Agriculture and renamed the Soil Conservation Service.

Several relief programs were designed to help those going through economic challenges. A few of those programs were the Federal Surplus Relief Corporation (FSRC), Drought Relief Service (DSR) and the Civilian Conservation Corps.

By the fall of 1939, rain finally quenched the dry lands, bringing an end to the drought. During the next few years, with the start of World War II, the country was able to find its footing and pull its self out of the Depression.