A quick trip through history

Minnesota was born in 1858, 150 years ago. Also born that year: the city of Denver and future Nobel-prize winning President Theodore Roosevelt. The Pike’s Peak Gold Rush began in July that year and brought 100,000 gold prospectors to the area over the next three years.

American slave Dred Scott died in 1858. He sued for U.S. citizenship on the basis that he lived in a free state, Illinois, but was denied by the Supreme Court in 1857. Eight years later, slavery was abolished by the 13th Amendment, and three years after that, the 14th Amendment guaranteed full citizenship rights regardless of race.

The Cape Lion, a black-maned lion native to the south tip of Africa, became extinct in 1858, when the last known wild lion was shot.

Seventy-five years later, the Lone Ranger debuted on radio. Also born in 1933: Newsweek magazine, future talk show host Larry King and James Catherwood Hormel, son of Jay C. and Germaine Hormel. African-American Quincy Jones, songwriter and record producer, was born. Jones is one of the most successful music producers to date, with 79 Grammy nominations and 27 Grammy awards. The first drive-in theater opened in Camden, N.J., and the chocolate chip cookie was invented.

Mount Rushmore was dedicated in 1933. A team of 400 workers led by sculptor Gutzon Borglum began working on the monument in 1925 and continued to work on it until 1941. President Franklin D. Roosevelt took office in 1933 for the first of his four terms in office. Under his leadership, Congress began enacting New Deal legislation to improve the U.S. economy.


Prohibition died in 1933, when the 21st Amendment was repealed. Alcohol was legal for the first time in 14 years. Calvin Coolidge, the 30th president, and silent film comedian Fatty Arbuckle died in 1933.

Now 150 years later, what will be remembered about 2008? It’s too early to tell.

This week


• 8:30 a.m.: Board of Directors meeting.

• 2 p.m.: Y Matrons luncheon.


• 11 a.m.: Social Concerns: Dealing with Grief.


• 4 p.m. Board of Trustees meeting.

Laura Helle is the director of the Hormel Historic Home, 208 Fourth Ave. N.W., Austin.

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