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Farmers may qualify for Livestock Indemnity Program

The "Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008" authorized the Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP) to provide benefits to livestock producers for livestock deaths in excess of normal mortality caused by adverse weather that occurred on or after Jan....

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The "Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008" authorized the Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP) to provide benefits to livestock producers for livestock deaths in excess of normal mortality caused by adverse weather that occurred on or after Jan. 1, 2008, and before Oct. 1, 2011, including losses because of hurricanes, floods, blizzards, disease, wildfires, extreme heat, and extreme cold. The livestock death losses must also have occurred in the calendar year for which benefits are being requested.

LIP provisions are similar to other livestock indemnity programs implemented by FSA in recent years except that an owner or contract grower's livestock do not have to be located in a county or contiguous county designated a natural disaster by the president or declared by the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture. Under the current LIP, an owner or contract grower's livestock payments will be based on individual producers' losses.

To be eligible for LIP, a livestock producer must have legally owned the eligible livestock on the day the livestock died.

To be eligible for LIP, an owner's livestock must:

Have died as a direct result of an eligible adverse weather event occurring:

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On or after Jan. 1, 2008, and before Oct. 1, 2011; and

No later than 60 calendar days from the ending date of the applicable adverse weather event and;

In the calendar year for which benefits are requested.

Have been maintained for commercial use as part of a farming operation on the day they died and;

Not have been produced for reasons other than commercial use as part of a farming operation. Excluded livestock includes wild free roaming animals, pets or animals used for recreational purposes, such as hunting, roping or for show.

Eligible Livestock Contract Growers

To be eligible for LIP, a contract grower must have had the following on the day the livestock died:

Possession and control of the eligible livestock and;

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A written agreement with the eligible livestock owner setting the specific terms, conditions and obligations of the parties involved regarding the production of livestock.

To be eligible for LIP, a contract grower's livestock also must have met the following conditions. The livestock must:

Have been poultry or swine;

Have died as a direct result of an eligible adverse weather event occurring;

On or after Jan. 1, 2008, and before Oct. 1, 2011, and;

No later than 60 calendar days from the ending date of the adverse weather event(s) and;

In the calendar year for which benefits are requested.

Have been maintained for commercial use as part of a farming operation on the day they died and;

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Not have been produced for reasons other than for commercial use as part of a farming operation. This includes wild free roaming animals, pets or animals used for recreational purposes, such as hunting or for show.

How to Apply:

Producers who suffer livestock death losses should submit a notice of loss and an application to their local Farm Service Agency (FASA) Office that maintains the farm records for their business.

To be eligible, the notice of loss must be submitted the earlier of:

30 calendar days of when the loss of livestock was apparent to the producer;

30 calendar days after the end of the calendar year in which the loss of livestock occurred.

Producers must include a copy of the grower contract if he/she is a contract grower and any other documents required for determining eligibility. Supporting documents must show evidence of loss, current physical location of the livestock in inventory and location of the livestock at the time of the death.

Applicants must provide adequate proof that the eligible livestock deaths occurred as a direct result of an eligible adverse weather event in the calendar year for which benefits are being requested. The quantity and kind of livestock that died as a direct result of the eligible disaster event may be documented by purchase records, veterinarian records, bank or other loan documents, rendering truck receipts or certificates, Federal Emergency Management Agency records, National Guard records, written contracts, production records, records assembled for tax purposes, property tax records, private insurance documents and similar documents

For more information please contact your local Farm Service Agency Office or visit us online at http://www.fsa.usda.gov.

Root is county executive director of the Farm Service Agency in Dodge County, Minn. 

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