HISTORY Today is Wednesday, Oct. 9, the 282nd day of 2002. There are 83 days left in the year.

Today's highlight in history:

On Oct. 9, 1888, the public was first admitted to the Washington Monument.

On this date:

In 1635, religious dissident Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

In 1701, the Collegiate School of Connecticut -- later Yale University -- was chartered.


In 1776, a group of Spanish missionaries settled in present-day San Francisco.

In 1930, Laura Ingalls became the first woman to fly across the United States as she completed a nine-stop journey from Roosevelt Field, N.Y, to Glendale, Calif.

In 1936, the first generator at Boulder (later Hoover) Dam began transmitting electricity to Los Angeles.

In 1958, Pope Pius XII died. (He was succeeded by Pope John XXIII.)

In 1962, Uganda won autonomy from British rule.

In 1967, Latin American guerrilla leader Che Guevara was executed while attempting to incite revolution in Bolivia.

In 1975, Soviet scientist Andrei Sakharov was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 1985, the hijackers of the Achille Lauro cruise liner surrendered after the ship arrived in Port Said, Egypt.


Ten years ago: The U.N. Security Council voted to ban all military flights over Bosnia-Herzegovina. The 102nd Congress adjourned.

Five years ago: Hurricane Pauline struck Acapulco, Mexico, killing at least 150 people. Dario Fo, the unabashed leftist playwright who was prosecuted by Italy, denounced by Roman Catholic Church leaders and barred from the United States, won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

One year ago: In the first daylight raids since the start of U.S.-led attacks on Afghanistan, jets bombed the Taliban stronghold of Kandahar. Letters postmarked in Trenton, N.J., were sent to Sens. Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy; the letters later tested positive for anthrax. Americans Eric A. Cornell and Carl E. Wieman, and German-born U.S. resident Wolfgang Ketterle won the Nobel Prize in physics. Director and choreographer Herbert Ross died in New York at age 74. Dagmar, who parlayed her dumb blonde act into television fame in the early 1950s, died in West Virginia at age 79.

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