Student infractions at Rochester middle schools dwarf their high school counterparts
In spite of anecdotal reports, the number of district-wide infractions was not higher than previous years.
ROCHESTER — Overall, the number of student infractions at Rochester's middle schools last year was more than four times the number at the high schools.
The Rochester School Board reviewed the data during a study session Tuesday. It was included in a report that listed the number of student infractions at all schools throughout the district, including the elementary buildings.
Superintendent Kent Pekel spoke about the issue in the context of helping students academically and making sure they feel engaged in their environments.
"They're linked. When kids are academically engaged and thriving, these behavioral issues shift," Pekel said. "We need to know this isn't the only lens through which we see any of these kids — even the kids who are in that small group that are getting caught up in the disciplinary process a lot."
In spite of anecdotal reports, the number of district-wide infractions was not higher than a normal year. During 2021-22, there were 3,842 infractions. Although dramatically higher than the year of distance learning, it was lower than 2018-19 which recorded 4,087.
Together, the four middle schools of Friedell, Kellogg, Willow Creek and John Adams recorded a total of 2,509 infractions.
Meanwhile, the three high schools of John Marshall, Mayo and Century recorded a total of 578. Among the three mainstream high schools, Century recorded the most infractions at 210. John Marshall was second with 201, and Mayo had the lowest of 167.
By comparison, both John Adams and Willow Creek middle schools each had more than four times the number of infractions as their older counterparts. Willow Creek had 968, and John Adams recorded 1,041.
Kellogg Middle School was an outlier among the middle schools, recording only 489 infractions — roughly half the number of the other two. Friedell Middle School, a district-wide option school, had a mere 11 infractions.
Peter Wruck, director of research, assessment and evaluation, echoed Pekel's remarks about addressing academics, school culture and discipline through the same effort.
"A high sense of belonging is associated with a 75% reduction in the odds of a disciplinary infraction," Wruck said, describing research from grades 3-5. "It also reinforces the importance of everything that we do that's not straight academics."
Jacque Peterson, RPS chief of schools, spoke about some of the strategies they are implementing to address the issue of student behavior. She gave examples of strengthening relationships between students and staff, establishing tighter connections with parents and caregivers, and even providing lessons on social skills.
She also said helping students academically will help with the behavior issues.
"We've talked about systems of support for students," Peterson said. "We have students who are going to class but not grasping the concept ... students are saying 'I get to class and a couple minutes in, I'm already lost. Why would I stay and try to attend when I don't know what's going on?'"