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Farmers concerned about their bone-dry fields

Brian Greenslit with his dog Barney in front of Greenslit's field near Franklin, Minn. Greenslit said that he has never seen his soil with such large lumps in his farming career. Those large lumps may be a cause of concern for farmers in the planting season. (Jackson Forderer for MPR)

FRANKLIN —  The sky over the Brian Greenslit farm the other day was a promising shade of gray. The clouds looked like the type that could drop some real precipitation — and they did, at least a little.

"It sprinkled some beautiful snowflakes for about 15 minutes," Greenslit said. "But not enough to even cover the ground. Just enough to make the sidewalk wet."

That's pretty much been the story on Greenslit’s southwest Minnesota farm since summer — little moisture. At a time of the year when normally the land is all white, there's no snow on the fields.

Minnesota farmers are still a couple of months away from spring planting, but already "such" dry soil conditions are raising concerns about this summer's crops. As farmers hope for anything wet to fall on their fields, nearly the entire state is experiencing a moderate to severe drought.

Greenslit remembers his corn and soybean fields got a little over an inch of rain in early August. In the six months since then, he's had less than an inch of precipitation.


In a crop field near his house, he kicks at a rock hard offspring of the dry weather — a chunk of dried soil the size of a volley ball.

"It's just going to wreck my foot," said Greenslit. "It's like kicking a slab of cement."

In a year with normal moisture, the clump would crumble from one or two blows, but not now. It resists several more kicks until finally a small chunk breaks off.

"There I've got a little bit of fracturing there," he said.

Looking to the sky

Even though it's dry, Greenslit is optimistic he'll have good crops this summer. That's because he's seen droughts in the past begin to fade quickly with the arrival of one friendly storm.

"You dump 2 1/2 inches of rain on this on the 15th of April and this will become a non-issue in a hurry, it really will," Greenslit said. "Timely rains are what make big corn crops."

Right now, there's no rainmaker in sight. National Weather Service officials say there is only a slight chance of drought-busting precipitation in the upper Midwest though the end of May.


Global air circulation patterns are pushing wet weather elsewhere, said Steve Buan, a National Weather Service coordination Hydrologist at the North Central River Forecast Center in Chanhassen.

"All indications are it's going to hold where it's at, at least for the foreseeable future," Buan said. "And that being the storm track, the major moisture-producing storm tracks are staying to the south of Minnesota."

Crop strategies

The ominous weather outlook means farmers may rethink some of this year's crop strategies. Many farmers already have sold or are planning to sell next fall's harvest right now. It's a way of locking in the attractive grain prices offered on the futures market.

With the drought causing more weather uncertainty than usual this year, AgriBank CEO Bill York said farmers should be careful how much of this year's expected production they sell in advance.

"We certainly don't want to have them in the position where not only do they have a failure in the crop, but they have sold the crop they don't have and have an additional exposure," York said.

Crop insurance is another area of concern. Although most state farmers have coverage, state officials say they should check their policy to make sure their insurance will protect them against a prolonged drought.

On his farm, Greenslit said the dry weather could be a benefit, at least initially. He said if the soil is still dry in mid-April, farmers can plant quickly without having to worry about the normal delays caused by muddy fields.


"I'll plant corn as soon as I can," Greenslit said.

Then he needs the weather to flip flop.

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