ADVERTISEMENT

ADVERTISEMENT

ADVERTISEMENT

Overcome by the heat: What to do when heat-related illnesses strike

Heat exhaustion and heat stroke are serious conditions that can happen to anyone when the temperature and humidity soar. In this episode of NewsMD's "Health Fusion," Viv Williams highlights signs and symptoms of heat-related illnesses and gives tips from experts on what to do if they happen.

Sun and palm trees
Sometimes weather in the Upper Midwest feels like the tropics. Be careful. Extreme temperatures can be dangerous.
Viv Williams
We are part of The Trust Project.

ROCHESTER, Minn. — When temperatures skyrocket and the humidity soars, your risk of developing heat-related illnesses also rises. Kids under 2, adults over 65 and people with underlying health conditions are at greatest risk, but everyone should be vigilant and know the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion and heat stroke, which is a medical emergency.

And you need to know what to do if you suspect someone you're with is getting into hot weather health trouble.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's website has great information about heat rash, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. The list below outlines some of the CDC material.

Heat rash

  • Signs and symptoms: Bunches of red bumps of the skin that look like pimples.
  • What to do: Stay in a cool, dry place. Keep the rash dry. Use baby powder.

Heat cramps

  • Signs and symptoms: Intense sweating and muscle cramps while exercising.
  • What to do: Stop physical activity, move to a cool place, drink water and don't resume activities until the cramps go away.
  • Seek medical care if: the cramps don't go away or if you have heart issues.

Heat exhaustion

  • Signs and symptoms: Heavy sweating, clammy skin, fast pulse, nausea or vomiting, weakness, tiredness, dizziness and passing out.
  • What to do: Get to a cool place, loosen clothes, sip water, cover body in cool damp cloths or take a bath or shower.
  • Seek medical care if: symptoms worsen or last longer than an hour, you're throwing up.

Heat stroke — a medical emergency

  • Signs and symptoms: High body temperature (above 103 degrees), red skin that's hot and dry or damp, fast pulse, dizziness, confusion, nausea and passing out.
  • What to do: Call 911, move person to a cool place, lower person's body temperature with cool cloths or a cool bath, do not give anything to drink.

If at any time you're concerned that someone may be suffering from a heat-related illness and you're not sure what to do, contact your health care provider.

MORE HEALTH FUSION:
Leafy greens are popping in area gardens. If you're not a big fan of kale, but still want the nutritional benefit, try adding some to a smoothie. In this episode of NewsMD's "Health Fusion," Viv Williams shares a favorite green smoothie recipe that even some of the most kale-adverse people will like. Honest!

Follow the  Health Fusion podcast on  Apple,   Spotify and  Google podcasts. For comments or other podcast episode ideas, email Viv Williams at  vwilliams@newsmd.com. Or on Twitter/Instagram/FB @vivwilliamstv.

What to read next
Experts warn that simply claiming the benefits may create paper trails for law enforcement officials in states criminalizing abortion. That will complicate life for the dozens of corporations promising to protect, or even expand, the abortion benefits for employees and their dependents.
Dear Mayo Clinic: I am 42 and recently was diagnosed with diabetes. My doctor said I could manage the condition with diet and exercise for now but suggested I follow up with a cardiologist. As far as I know, my heart is fine. What is the connection between diabetes and heart health?
In Minnesota, abortion is protected by the state’s constitution and is legal up to the point of viability, which is generally thought to begin at about 24 weeks, when the fetus can survive outside the womb. Those who work with Minnesotans who seek abortions say barriers, both legal and practical, forced some to travel to Colorado, Nebraska, New Mexico, Washington, D.C., and Wisconsin even prior to the Supreme Court’s decision.
"Minding Our Elders" columnist says it's important to remember that we can't "fix" aging for our parents, but we can listen with empathy and validate their feelings.