ADVERTISEMENT

ADVERTISEMENT

Leonard Pitts Jr.: We owe Holocaust survivors much better than this

There are just 280,000 of them left worldwide, a tiny handful of aging men and women. Soon, there will be no one left to say, on firsthand witness, This is what happened, this is what it was like.

pitts-engel-20221130
Joe Engel at Auschwitz.
Leonard Pitts
We are part of The Trust Project.

Joe Engel died last week.

It's unlikely you will know the name, especially if you don't live in Charleston, South Carolina, his hometown since 1949. Joe never wrote a great novel or made a scientific breakthrough. His accomplishment was less gaudy, yet no less significant.

Joe lived to tell.

I met him in 2005 -- the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II -- on an assignment to write about an interfaith pilgrimage to Holocaust sites in Poland. We visited murder factories whose names still bespeak the immensity of evil: Treblinka, Belzec, Majdanek.

And Auschwitz, where Joe was sent in 1942 at the age of 14. A little over a million people died there, but somehow he did not. "Every morning," he said, "you could see hundreds of skeletons. Not human beings, just skeletons. Bones. The only thing you saw was bones and a big nose. We used to pick 'em up and they used to take 'em to the gas chambers."

ADVERTISEMENT

One time, I asked him a question -- don't remember what it was -- that probed a memory too painful to revisit and his lively eyes turned soft and sad. "It's no picnic talking about it, you know," he said in gentle admonishment.

I apologized. "It's all right," he assured me. "I don't mind. I want the people to know, especially the young people, to prevent another Holocaust."

There are, according to a nonprofit reparations group called the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany, just 280,000 survivors left worldwide, a tiny handful of aging men and women, fragile lives winking out like fireflies under a summer twilight. Soon, there will be no one left to say, on firsthand witness, This is what happened, this is what it was like.

It was a duty Joe took seriously. He spoke in schools, led at least five pilgrimages of return and was known to sit on a bench in Charleston with a sign around his neck -- "Holocaust Survivor" -- waiting for someone to ask. One night at a restaurant in Poland, he lifted a glass and said, in his immigrant's English, "Don't you ever forget me, so long as you gon' live. You tell this story for us, because we not here to tell this story." He was looking dead at me when he said it. It gave me chills.

And it fuels frustration with an era when so many seem hellbent on forgetting, on spurning the lessons for which Joe and so many more paid so dearly. The Nazis systematically murdered 11 million people -- 6 million of them Jews, the rest homosexuals, communists, labor unionists, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled -- for the "crime" of worshiping, thinking or being, different. That's a September 11 attack every day for 10 years.

And for what?

As Joe said, "We survivors thought, after the war, there's no more wars. That's the end of everything. But you can see now what's going on. People still killing people and everything. Things didn't change."

We were at Auschwitz when he said that. I recall feeling that we -- the generations after his -- had let his generation down. The feeling has only intensified in the years since, as Jewish cemeteries are vandalized, as synagogues are attacked, as a pop star spews anti-Semitic bile, as migrants are caged and their children taken, as a church in Joe's hometown endures a racial massacre, as hate crimes rise, as states restrict the remembrance of atrocities and as some of us pretend all of this isn't what it is.

ADVERTISEMENT

Joe's frustration at what did not change stays with me. As does his belief in the importance of telling the story anyhow. But above all, I can't escape a conviction that we owed him -- we owed all of them -- much better than this.

And that we still do.

Leonard Pitts Jr. is a columnist for the Miami Herald. Readers may contact him via e-mail at lpitts@miamiherald.com.

©2021 Miami Herald. Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

What To Read Next
Rest easy, the Biden administration says. No raids are planned to snatch your stove. But to some, the rumor itself was too tantalizing to be encumbered by anything so quaint and tiresome as facts.
"Church worship now competes with everything from professional sports to kids activities to household chores. ... we can either have a frank conversation about what church can be, or we can continue to watch the pews empty in cherished houses of worship across the country."
To better help obese children, we recommend physicians develop an individualized treatment plan that is centered on the whole child.
Republicans in Congress seized on that statement to zero out $10 billion for COVID-19 vaccinations and treatment. Now Biden's aides are scrambling to find ways to fight the virus with less money.