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Patrick Springer

Patrick Springer first joined The Forum in 1985. He covers a wide range of subjects including health care, energy and population trends. Email address: pspringer@forumcomm.com

A warmup is coming in June, but conflicting forces make it impossible to predict whether the summer will be hot and dry or hot and wet.
Essentia Health in Fargo is among the first to use a robotic endoscopy apparatus that allows low-risk access to hard-to-reach lung nodules in early development.
Infectious disease specialists say individual health status and vaccination history are important considerations in whether and when to get a second booster dose.
Oxygen treatments have been shown to effectively treat 14 diseases or conditions, and there is growing interest in its effectiveness in treating persistent concussion symptoms.
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A site near Bowman, North Dakota, has fossils revealing the last moments of the dinosaurs, wiped out millions of years ago. More findings from the site will be coming out.
North Dakota is slightly above the national average in the number of people taking mental health prescriptions, and has seen a sharp rise during the pandemic. Minnesota and South Dakota are closely behind North Dakota.
O'Keefe, CEO of the Theodore Roosevelt Library Foundation, always planned on donating a kidney to help his mother. He never suspected that his kidney would end up going to someone he's never met.
More extreme rain and snowstorms are expected in Minnesota and North Dakota, among other changes that come with an increasingly volatile climate, according to the latest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Laws passed by North Dakota to regulate the activities of middlemen involved in prescription drug transactions between insurers, patients and pharmacies are the focus of a national legal battle between state regulators and pharmacy benefit managers.
The Minnesota Court of Appeals rejected arguments that Sebeka farmer Tim Nolte was acting as a front for R.D. Offutt Co. in seeking irrigation permits for 300 acres he bought from the giant potato-growing company. The court upheld the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources decision not to require an extensive environmental review for the irrigation project.